Sources of Indian Constitution

Sources of Indian Constitution

Indian constitutional articles are taken from many countries. In this topic, important articles and from where it was taken are given. This topic is very important in Polity for UPSC and all other state public service commission board examinations like TNPSC.


  • Parliament
  • Citizenship
  • Law Enforcement Process
  • Lok Sabha is more powerful than Rajiya Sabha
  • Cabinet and Prime Minister was its Head
  • President is name sake Head Like (Queen in England)
  1. America:
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Preamble
  • Independent Judiciary.
  • Appointment and Removal of Justice.
  • Judgment Appeal
  • President Roles
  • President is the Head of all three Forces
  • President is the Head of the Government

3. Ireland:

  • The guiding principle of the government
  • Election system of President
  • 12 Rajiya Sabha members was appointed by President
  1. Germany:
  • During Emergency- Cancellation of Fundamental Rights.
  1. Canada:
  • Union Government (Central + State Government)
  • Powerful Central Government
  • Sharing of Powers between State and Central government.
  1. Russia:
  • Fundamental Duties
  • Five Year Plan
  1. Australia:
  • Concurrent List
  • Central – State Government Relationship (Joint Sitting)
  • Preamble Language
  1. South Africa:
  • Amendments Procedure
  • Rajiya Sabha election
  1. France:
  • Republic Government
  1. Japan
  • Supreme Court

List of Important Article of the Constitution



Article 1-4

Deals with the territory of India, formation of new states, alterations, names of existing states.

Article 5-11

Deals with various rights of citizenship.

Article 12-35

Deals with fundamental rights of Indian Citizen Abolition of untouchability and titles.

Articles 36-51

Deals with Directive Principles of State Policy

Articles 51A

This part was added by 42nnd Amendment in 1976, which contains the fundamental duties of the citizens.

Articles 52-151

Deals with government at the centre level.

Articles 152-237

Deals with government at the state level.

Article 238

Deals with States.

Articles 239-241

Deals with Union Territories

Articles 242-243

It consists of two parts: (i) added by 73rd amendment in 1992, which contains a new schedule. It contains 29 subjects related to Panchayati Raj, who have been given administrative powers.

(ii) It is added by 74th amendment in 1992, which contains a new schedule. It contains 18 subjects relate to municipalities, who have been given administrative powers.

Articles 244-244A

Deals with scheduled and tribal areas.

Articles 245-263

Deals with the relationship between union and states.

Articles 264-300A

Deals with the distribution of revenue between union and states, appointment of Finance Commission etc.

Article 301-307

Deals with the trade, commerce and intercourse within the territory of India.

Article 308-323

Deals with Union Public Service Commission and State Public Services Commissions.

Article 323A, 323B

Added by 42nd Amendment in 1976. Deals with administrative tribunals set up by parliament to hear disputes and complaints regarding Union, states or local Government Employees.

Articles 324-329

Deals with election.

Articles 330-342

Deals with special provision for SCs and STs and Anglo-Indian Representatives.

Articles 343-351

Deals with official language of union and states.

Article 352-360

Deals with emergency provisions, President’s rule.

Articles 361-367

Deals with exemption of criminal proceedings for their official acts of president and governors.

Article 368

Deals with Amendment of constitution.

Article 369-392

Article 370 deals with Special status to J&K.

Article 371A

Gives special provisions with respect to state of Nagaland.

Articles 393-395

Deals with the short title, commencement and repeal of the constitution.

Read Also

TNPSC Group 2 Study Materials
Sources of Indian Constitution
Indian States, Capital, Chief Minister and Governors List
Indian States and their Statehood Date
Fundamental Rights

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